Elementary OS: Loki

Elementary OS: Loki

Elementary OS is a new Operating System that wants to be an alternative to Window or OSX. The team behind the project puts an high emphasis on Usability and Design.

Over the next couple of days I will try to actually switch to the system. Elementary is based on Ubuntu, which in turn is based on Debian, so all *.deb packages and programs can be installed without any problems. As with all Linux Distributions Elementary is free. However the developers require you to think about it if you would like to support their efforts or not. If not you enter a 0 into the download field.

For my initial setup I will essentially install all the common programs I use on a day to day basis. .

How To install Elementary.io

Step 1 Download the ISO

Go to www.elementary.io and download the current Version. If you have some money to spare you can donate to the project. If not enter a 0 and you can download the iso for free.

Step 2: Prepare a USB Stick

Go to https://rufus.akeo.ie/ and download the Rufus tool, this allows you to easily create a bootable USB stick.

Step 3: Install

Well for the last step you really just have to boot from the stick and follow the instructions.

First Steps

Remove Default Programs

The team focuses a lot on providing a suite of programs that also follow it’s design principles.

I would prefer to use Chrome as my Browser, and VideoLan for videos and I do not need an email client, or a dedicated calendar.  I removed them with these commands:

sudo apt remove pantheon-mail -y
sudo apt remove maya-calendar -y
sudo apt remove epiphany-browser -y
sudo apt remove audience -y

(The program “audience” is the default VideoPlayer)

Install General Programs

Chrome

Since Chrome has some Google stuff in it you first have to add it to apt with this command:

wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list'
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable

VideoLan

To install VideoLan simply enter following command:

sudo apt-get install vlc -y

Skype

Microsoft has just recently announced that they will create a Skype Client for Linux. For now there is only the official “Skype for Linux Alpha”. Essentially the program is still barebones and is in very early stages of development. – If you install  it do not expect that everything will be working.


wget https://go.skype.com/skypeforlinux-64-alpha.deb
sudo dpkg -i skypeforlinux-64-alpha.deb

Shortcuts

⌘+Space App Launcher
Alt+Tab Window Switcher
⇧+Alt+Tab Switch Windows Backwards
⌘+Left/Right Switch Workspace
⌘+S Workspace Overview
Ctrl+⌘+Left/Right Snap Window to Half of Workspace
Ctrl+⌘+Up/Down Maximize/Unmaximize Window
⌘+T Terminal

Conclusion

The OS looks awesome, it feels like a system you actually could work with for a longer period of time. In the past I have always tried Linux for a couple of days and then said, well interesting, but a lot of my programs simply do not work and I would like to go back to Windows.

Let’s see how long this time the experiment is going to last and if Linux has become more user friendly over time.

EdX: Introduction to Linux

EdX: Introduction to Linux

I recently completed the course “Introduction to Linux” by the Linux Foundation on the edX platform. Instead of paying 2500USD for the course you now can pay 250USD for a verified certificate, or simply get an honor certificate.

https://www.edx.org/course/linuxfoundationx/linuxfoundationx-lfs101x-introduction-1621#.U-YKjfmSyyY

Course Structure

The course is self-paced, you can take the exam anytime and at the end of the month the certificate is going to be issued.

Course Materials

Unlike other edX courses most of the materials are short articles covering the core topics. There are short videos, however they are mostly useless.

Learning Objectives

Sadly the first couple of Lessons are more like Advertisements that Linux is great and that Linux is used everywhere and being able to use Linux is an important skill.

The rest of the course covers the basic operations when interacting with a Linux system.

The course briefly takes a look at the graphical interfaces of three major Linux distributions Ubuntu, CentOS and openSUSE.

As expected most of the course covers how to interact with the Console covers the basic interaction with the console, file operations, security principles, text manipulation and concluding with bash scripting.

Final Exam

The final exam is a 30 question multiple choice test. Sadly some questions are easier to be answered using Google than the actual course material.

People with an basic understanding of Linux could just skip the entire course and just take the exam. It’s rather straightforward.

Conclusion

The course is a great introduction to the Linux System. The course is designed for IT-Specialists (Programmers, Web-Developers, and Administrators etc.) that have not worked with Linux and need a quick introduction how to work with the system.

Sadly with the emphasis on using the console most users interested in using Linux as alternative to Windows/OSX will simply say “Oh god, what a hassle, I’ll stick to my current system.” Once again Linux does not realize that GUIs have been invented to solve an issue where most people find it confusing when they do not see what they are doing.

Most users interacting with a computer are not aware that it is possible to interact with a computer without GUI, telling those users that sometimes you simply do not have a GUI confuses them. Most of the success of Linux as core of Android is the GUI and that users have a simple way installing programs and are not able to access any console / text only mode.

Once again the core of Linux is great, however the presentation and usability is that what sells Linux.

 

 

Kickstarter: Reading Rainbow

Kickstarter: Reading Rainbow

Reading Rainbow is a great education television program from the 80’s that showed kids that reading is awesome. Sadly the program got canceled a couple of years ago. Now the moderator of the show LeVar Burton wants to resurrect the program for the current generation of kids as a free website with a video library and supporting material for teachers.

Support this project by giving money via kickstarter.

Inserting Text into Master Placeholder Textframe in Indesign

  1. Create a Master Page with a normal Text-frame.
  2. Apply the Master to a page
  3. Select the page
  4. To insert new Text you first have to select the Frame by pressing Shift+Ctrl
  5. Now you can Edit the contents of the Text-frame.

Note: If you want to use the place-command (Ctrl-D) first select the frame then, Ctrl-D and select the text-file you want to insert.

After the item from the Master Frame has been changed, it cannot be influenced by the Master Page it is a Page item.

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